Cambridge, Mass., Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, This volume is a widely-read book of political philosophy and ethics. Arguing for a principled reconciliation of liberty and equality, it attempts to solve the problem of distributive justice (this concerns what is. This book is a revised edition of A Theory of Justice, published in by Harvard University Press. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data. Rawls. Download Download A Theory of Justice (John Rawls) Ebook Online PDF Free Donwload Here lyubimov.info?book=X A.
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Editorial Reviews. Review. 'The most substantial and interesting contribution to moral by John RAWLS. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Kindle Store · Kindle eBooks · Politics & Social Sciences . In this work the author argues that the correct principles of justice are those that In this new edition the work is presented as Rawls himself wishes it to be. John Rawls aims to express an essential part of the common core of the democratic tradition--justice as fairness--and to provide an alternative to utilitarianism.
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A Theory of Justice by John Rawls
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A Theory of Justice
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Top Reviews Most recent Top Reviews. There was a problem filtering reviews right now. Please try again later. Paperback Verified Purchase. In determining "justice" Rawls uses the social contract theory, utilitarianism, theological explanations, and other interpretations. By using a "veil of ignorance" and a rational person standard he devises two principles of justice. However, using a rational actor, the laws are logically sound.
First, Rawls uses economics, specifically game theory, to determine the actions of a hypothetical group of rational actors. Second, he describes how institutions are used to promulgate a just society.
Third, he describes why individuals will rationally submit to justice. A common misconception is that Rawls does not understand economic theory. That's completely false.
Rawls has an immaculate understanding of economic theory. I was very surprised to see how much economics Rawls uses in determining justice.
However, he disagrees with the underlying tenets of utilitarianism and Institutionism Welfare Economics. Therefore, because he does not agree with the tenets of welfare economics, his results are different than mainstream economists.
My most significant objection to "A Theory of Justice" is Rawls' tenuous assumptions. Assuming his outlook on rational actors, his theory is logically sound and will result in the most just society. However, if you take away some of his assumptions then, by his own account, society will become less stable and revert towards injustice.
In many instances it would be just as easy to assume unstable behavior as stable behavior. Once this becomes apparent his system of justice fails and is no longer applicable. This is a matter of empirical debate. My second objection is the applicability of Rawls' social contract. Even if he is correct, there are vested interests who do not want a just society. As long as they control power over society they will not allow just institutions to be created.
Rawls has no immediate answer for this problem and rather relies on hypotheticals to provide the legitimacy of his social contract. Without abrupt change I cannot see how his theory of justice will come into practice. Utilitarianism and Welfare Economics, even if unjust, will remain the predominant philosophical beliefs of society and institutions.
All right, I'll confess--I haven't actually read this whole book. I don't know if anyone, even Rawls, ever has. A Theory of Justice is famously difficult and dense, but nevertheless absolutely essential reading for anyone interested in political philosophy. I'm not going to summarize his arguments here--others have already done that much better than I ever could--but Rawls' vision of a truly just society is so brilliant and innovative you can't help but admire it, even if you think it's a bad idea.
This book has influenced generations of political thinkers and policymakers, and serves as a justification for so many of the redistributive economic policies in place today. If you're interested in political philosophy or just want to know why Western states dole out welfare like they do, read this book. Or at least parts of it. Just do it. It's awesome. One person found this helpful. This book is a must read for anyone interested in philosophical theories of social justice. There are essentially three main schools of thought on morality as regards the nature of a good society.
Utilitarian, Kantian, and Aristotelian. To oversimplify, Utilitarians are bean counters, Kantian are duty-mongers, and Aristotelians are the World-bank style capacity-builders and champions of healthy self-actualization.
Rawls is hard to categorize, because his notion of "veil of ignorance" allows him to synthesize thoughts from almost all three of these schools. True, at first he seems closest to Kant, who says "Hey you, act such that you would not mind if your way of acting were to become the universal way of acting for everyone. Rawl, kind of, adds that acting in this manner is justifiable especially if you assume you never know what side of social justice you might end up at -- the receiving end or the giving one.