Politics Among Nations book. Read 37 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. Hans Morgenthau's classic text established realism as the fu. DOWNLOAD Politics among nations: The struggle for power and peace by Hans J Morgenthau, Kenneth W Thompson [PDF EBOOK EPUB. Title: Politics Among Nations: The Struggle for Power & Peace Author: Hans Morgenthau Pages: Subject: International Relations & Political Science.
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POLITICS AMONG NATIONS. The Struggle for. Power and Peace. Hans J. Morgenthau. Late Albert A. Michelson Distinguished Service. Professor of Political. Editorial Reviews. About the Author. Dr. Ramon Pacheco Pardo is Senior Lecturer in Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. eBook features: . Hans Morgenthau's Politics Among Nations is a classic of political science, built on the firm foundation of Morgenthau's watertight reasoning. the web. Our Over manuals and Ebooks is the reason why customers Download hans j morgenthau on politics among nations in EPUB. Format.
Not in United States? Choose your country's store to see books available for purchase. See if you have enough points for this item. Sign in. The central aim of reasoning is to construct a logical and persuasive argument that carefully organizes and supports its conclusions — often around a central concept or scheme of argumentation. To the complex problem of understanding the ways in which the post-war nations were jostling for power, Morgenthau brought a comprehensive schema:
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This all arises from the basic human desire to have power. As individuals we express this desire for power in our daily lives, through advancement in our jobs, the collection of money, the purchase and display of things.
Were it not for an authority over us the government some would always be taking from others in one way or another, the only protection being self-defense. The central theme of Politics Among Nations is that there can be no overarching authority on the international scene that would provide the kind of domestic tranquility we enjoy within stable nations.
The reason there can be no such authority comes from the lack of a consensus that brings all nations together in agreement on what is just and moral. Morganthau points out that the 13 American colonies shared such a consensus even before they became a nation. They shared a language, a common origin in England, the same religion, the same ideas on what was lawful.
A nation was present in the shared mindset of the colonists before the formality of the Constitution. Though pre-Napoleonic Europe had a consensus that was expressed by the professional diplomats who served the royalty that held power over the entire continent, it could not survive the divisions brought on by the collapse of monarchic rule.
There is no way the family of nations can now decide upon an authority to rule above them. The best that can be hoped for is a system of diplomacy that will strive at all times to settle disputes short of war, but diplomacy is no longer used as it was. Instead there is grandstanding and much symbolic action on the part of national governments addressing the world from the seats of government, playing to the international audience while little substantive action goes on behind the scenes.
Diplomacy has fallen far from when secret negotiations that sought to persuade, compromise and employ national power in the background, kept the international scene to an acceptable low boil. These days, foreign embassies are primarily data gathering sites that simply relay information back home.
Ambassadors and foreign service professionals are largely ignored by secretaries of state and presidents who take foreign policy as their personal prerogative think Henry Kissinger. An example of what background diplomacy can do was the secret talks held between Iran and the United States that resulted in the current negotiations over Iran's nuclear capabilities. This has so far avoided the war that would have been inevitable with the public bellowing indulged in by Israeli PM Netanyahu and the warhawks in Congress.
Morganthau wrote my edition during the Cold War and he correctly saw that it created a bi-polar world of ideological competition with even the most petty disputes in the most remote places on earth becoming symbolic of the East-West zero-sum game. The disaster of Vietnam, with the false domino theory said to justify it, demonstrates the truth of Morganthau's ideas, though he hardly speaks of that conflict, just ended at the time of publication. The reader gets a wealth of examples from history to back the author's assertions.
An in depth treatment of the League of Nations and the United Nations shows how neither organization has a chance of achieving what the architects hoped for - a world government. Nevertheless, the UN does provide an outside party that, through the Secretary General, can wade in to international issues with legitimacy. I'd love to know what Morganthau would say about the present situation of the United States standing unchallenged militarily.
You'd think this book would be very dry reading, but I did not find it so. I was in my twenties when I first read it and recall being somewhat overwhelmed. This second reading at age 63 was a delight that I happily consumed. By all means get a copy, just be aware that not all of what you find in the latest edition is by the great man himself. Anyone interested in the subject of this book might find this essay by Richard Falk of interest. Nov 15, Steven Peterson rated it it was amazing.
This is one of the fountainheads of the classic realist view of international politics. He disagrees with the idealist view of world politics, defined as page 3 belief "that a rational and moral political order, defined from universally valid abstract principles, can be achieved here and now.
To improve the w This is one of the fountainheads of the classic realist view of international politics. To improve the world, one must work with these forces, not against them.
Politics Among Nations
Political realism believes that politics, like society in general, is governed by objective laws that have their roots in human nature. The main sign post that helps political realism to find its way through the landscape of international politics is the concept of interest defined in terms of power.
Realism does not endow its key concept of interest defined as power with a meaning that is fixed once and for all. Political realism is aware of the moral significance of political action.
It is also aware of the ineluctable tension between the moral command and the requirements of successful political action.
Political realism refuses to identify the moral aspirations of a particular nation with the moral laws that govern the universe. One wonderful aspect of Morgenthau's book is its historical sweep, as he uses examples from history in considerable abundance.
This part of the volume explores the nature of power, imperialism,, power and prestige, and the like. Part III focuses on national power, including chapters on the essence of national power, the elements of power, and the evaluation of national power.
Part IV is one of my favorite components of this volume--a sweeping consideration of the balance of power in history. No need to continue part by part there are ten parts and 32 chapters in all. This is still worth reading and thinking about, many years after the volume's publication. It has a hard-headed analysis of world politics, based on principles of realism.
Whether one agrees or disagrees with Morgenthau's perspective, it is well worth while to read and think about his views. Oct 18, Casey H rated it it was amazing. The Big One. If you wish to understand the intricacies of diplomacy and the power struggles between nations, read this book. It is an immense tome of collected arguments well defended by nuggets taken from every nook and cranny of political history.
Impossible would be the task of compiling all that is in this book in one review. Morgenthau covers just about every topic imaginable, including some that new-stu The Big One. Morgenthau covers just about every topic imaginable, including some that new-students of political theory probably did not know existed. One might recognize his foretelling of the errors and uselessness of the U. Congress in Morgenthau's attack on public diplomacy: He must take himself at his public word and must stand unyieldingly 'on a principle,' the favored phrase of public diplomacy, rather than on negotiation and compromise [ The book has often been accused of supporting power-struggles, war, and economic oppression.
Amoral or immoral charges have also been laid on Morgenthau's theories. To some measure, this is fair. It does not take much imagination to know where watching the actions of "political realists" on the 20th century stage would lead observers. Many post-Morgenthau realists have also been more conflict-prone, such as Henry Kissinger and John Mearsheimer. This is unfair to Morgenthau himself, of course, who had a very strong hand on the moral vein that pulses through politics in general.
Morgenthau, who opposed the Vietnam War -- a classic "political realist's" conflict -- argued that morality was simply political prudence on a national level. What is moral to the individual is not inherently moral to a political state which must seek to preserve the individuals who have entrusted it with their safety. These sort of nuanced arguments, of which I did not even begin to give proper service to, are on every single page of this book. Hans Morgenthau's "Politics Among Nations" still retains relevance in a world that has moved far beyond the era of its writing.
Related and worth reading for modern political theory: Jan 11, Ricardo rated it it was amazing. A masterpiece!! This book must be read by all people interested in foreign affairs.
Even though the last publication of this book was in the 70's, it applies perfectly to today's international relations. Apr 12, Andrew Hard rated it really liked it. An interesting explanation of the Realist school of thought in international relations. The text has a classical style, and many of the ideas are frequently reiterated. As someone who struggles to reconcile realist and idealist political tendencies, this book helped me to clarify some of my own reasoning.
Read this if you like to understand the historical development of theories. For something along the same lines that is more contemporary, I would suggest the Tragedy of Great Power Politics.
Sep 11, Owen nye rated it it was amazing. Professional textbook, has almost what u need to understand and research IR. Buku ini salah satu buku yang wajib dimiliki anak HI hubungan internasional. Bukunya sih emang bagus Jan 11, NinaCD rated it it was amazing. Great primer for IR theory. Oct 31, Claire rated it liked it. Morgenthau is as pretentious verbose as he is intelligent which makes for a difficult read.
But classifying Morgenthau as a pure classical Realist is to misread his greatest work, Politics Among Nations.
His starting point is how human nature leads to the pursuit for power and how anarchy allows for conflicts among nations.
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Going into great lengths to analyse the sociological foundations of individuals within states and the states within the state system, his conclusion is that what works in one sphere If Kenneth Waltz is the Diego Maradona of Realism, then Hans Morgenthau is its Pele.
Going into great lengths to analyse the sociological foundations of individuals within states and the states within the state system, his conclusion is that what works in one sphere can not function in another. Precisely this obsession with the sociological elements of societies takes him away from a realist objectivity. For example, Morgenthau admits that the policy of prestige that nations pursue is the result of beliefs and not objective reality p.
This subjectivity is closer to a constructed social reality rather than a rigid Realist approach. One the one hand he acknowledges its usefulness but on the other hand he is very critical of some of its features.
On another note, his cynicism about moral values as a pretext of ideological motivations does not stop him from admitting that morality has a place in international politics p. He attributes the moral and material decline of the Western countries to ethical questions of a postcolonial modern world p.
Morgenthau is also a vehement critic of a world public opinion, or more accurately he does not recognise one. But in the era of globalisation, of internet and of social media, a world public opinion can have voice that transcends national borders.
Similarly, his approach to the solution of how to understand and deal with nuclear weapons is a post-modern outlook. He stresses the importance of language, truth, and the politics of nuclear weapons. The second part of his book is devoted to ways of overcoming war and bringing a permanent peace. His proposal is a world state as the only vehicle that can realise a permanent peace. But because a world state to be formed requires a world society, he rejects the notion that one day we will have a world state because of a lack of a world society.
Politics Among Nations by Hans J. Morgenthau
Dec 10, Alyssa Indira rated it liked it. I actually kind of liked this IR book. The author, who was german, was very And it was kind of funny when you could literally read how off hinged and crazed he was when he started going off about nuclear war and how we were all going to die from bombs.
Each and every topic is covered in the book. The struggle for Power and Peace. In fact, I first came in to contact with the school of Realism by reading Prof. Unless the very last man in this world is convinced to give up his pursuit of political power through violent means, the words of realists — from Kautilya to Morgenthau and Waltz are going to be relevant in managing the international affairs.
The abstract conceptions which are at times too simplistic in their prescriptions just cannot solve the problem — prevention of war. It is no surprise that in the aftermath of second world war practitioners of foreign policy and diplomats used this book as a ready reckoner for issues that needed some clear direction. And the realistic school of thought has only grown in strength ever since. Some of Prof.
Since power is not equally distributed, the one with power than the other is tempted to go to war, as he is convinced that his power is considerably more than his opponent. It is a vicious cycle. The belligerent thinks that because he has some level of power he cannot just sit quite, if he is not going to attack the other, the other will attack him for the same objective Political Power. Extrapolating this state of nature to the context of Nation state, we realize that states or empires cannot be at war with all, all the time.
Hence, they seek to negotiate with each other to what degree or level, power can be possessed by each other at a given point of time with certain factors remaining constant. The Church with the help of political power wants to convert every human being in to Christianity through any means and the proponents of Islam want to turn the world in to a caliphate that goes with either communists or capitalists for example, the possibility of violence is imminent hence the possibility of war.
So, the conflict is inevitable. If power is a limited source, and at a given time a particular international setup Status Quo favors US and not Russia, then Russia would seek to overthrow the status quo for the sake of multiplying its power, and US would defend the status quo with all the means possible as the status quo favors it.
To change the status quo means war, and war as a means involves costs on both sides, hence the two warring groups negotiate the terms to redistribute the power. Hence, they maintain the equilibrium. If state A has 10 missiles and state B has 15, then both may negotiate on the number of missiles both are allowed to have at a given time and agree that either A increase the count to 15 or B reduce it to 10 is balance of power.
Now both know that they are equals once balance is achieved , one cannot attack the other without destroying each other completely. Balance is attained, so the reduction of the possibilities of war. But in the international scene it is not so simple, the players are many and the factors that impact these calculations are dynamic. To understand Balance of Power among nations one should know what is National Power?
Especially on this Prof. Morgenthau has done a yeoman service by theorizing Comprehensive National Power and the elements that constitute it.
I recommend all to at least read that chapter alone if not the whole book. With the resurgence of eastern powers like China and India, the conflict between the defenders of status quo and the players who seek change is only going to get more severe.
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